Friday, 30 January 2009

CO2 Ratio and Cities climatic change

Cities and CO2 emissions: key facts Cities account for 75% of totalglobal energy demand andproduce 80% of our CO2emissions driving climatechange.• Half the global population 3
lives in cities: three-quartersof the human population to 0become city dwellers by 2050.
5-step approach:• Assessing baseline (existing) CO2 emissions from all energyrelatedsectors in cities.• Establishing ambitious (and realistic) citywide CO2 emissionreduction targets.• Identifying robust actions to achieve those targets.• Developing incentives and programmes for implementing theactions.• Monitoring and verifying the reductions achieved as a result:sharing experiences.
Total CO2 emissions on different sectors, roads transport(19.2%), Domestic (30.4%). Land Use Change (0.2%). Industry and Commercial(50.3%), total amount of CO2 emissions=
6.9t/year. Oxford, UK.(2008). Source: (Roaf, S. and Gupta, R.(July-2008)
Sudan country :Sudan has undertaken, as of 1996, the task of compiling its first inventory of greenhouse gases. These activities, taking place within the Climate Change Enabling Project, will not only create a GHG profile of Sudan, for use in the larger global framework, but will prepare Sudan for compliance with its obligation under the UNFCCC, and assist the nation in formulating climate sensitive development goals and informed mitigation and adaptation policies. To comply with the requirements of the UNFCCC, the national inventory of GHG in Sudan was conducted using the standardized IPCC/OECD methodology. Following this methodology, GHG emissions have been calculated for most of the source/sink categories identified in the different sectors, namely energy, industry, agriculture, waste management, and land-use change and forestry.A team of national experts was formed under the Climate Change Enabling Project in the Higher Council for Environment and Natural Resources, to compile the greenhouse gases inventory for Sudan. The team members were drawn largely from those sectors identified as sources and sinks for GHGs, including the Ministries of Energy, Industry, and Agriculture and Animal Resources, the Forests National Corporation, as well as research and climate change-related bodies such as the Environmental Studies Institute, the Meteorological Authority, NGOs, and the private sector.
CO2 emissions on different sectors: Energy Industries(23%), Industerial (14%),Transportation(45%), Agricultural(14%) and Others(4%).Khartoum, Sudan.(1995). Source: the Higher Council for Environment and Natural Resources, Environmental Studies Institute, the Meteorological Authority, NGOs(1995). "Greenhouse Gas Inventory"
*BY compairson these two information we notice that UK is an industrial company, then the domistic sector coming in the second place, then the transportation sectorIn The Sudan the transportation sector coming in the first , the energy comes in the second , then the industerial sector and Agricultura in the third placelI notice that from CO2 emission in different countries we can see the atitute of peoples and the development of this country what is come first, what is come in the second place in the solutions and this should be considered

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